- Southern Terai Region
- Bhabar Pradesh Region
- Inner Terai Region
History of Nepal
Nepal boasts an enduring legacy of independence and sovereignty, intertwined with a rich history, culture, and traditions that trace their origins to time immemorial. The Malla Kings ruled the Kathmandu Valley before the esteemed King Prithivi Narayan Shah the Great's pursuit of national integration. These monarchs left an indelible mark on art and culture, contributing significantly to their development.
In the year 1768 A.D., the Shah dynasty ascended to the unified throne of Nepal, marking a pivotal moment. Under the leadership of Prithvi Narayan Shah, Nepal's history took a transformative course. He successfully annexed diverse warring principalities and laid the cornerstone for modern Nepal. Following Prithivi Narayan Shah's reign, his younger son, Bahadur Shah, carried forth the unification efforts. This endeavor was revived by Prime Minister Bhimsen Thapa, who was recognized as "the 1st Prime Minister of Nepal." However, Nepal's expansion encountered a stumbling block during a confrontation with the British India Company, culminating in the signing of the Sugauli Treaty in March 1816 A.D.
Another significant chapter in history unfolded with the rise of Janga Bahadur Rana to power in 1846 A.D. He established himself as the preeminent prime minister, effectively a de facto ruler, solidifying hereditary prime ministership. The turning point arrived with the revolution of 1950, which heralded the downfall of the autocratic Rana regime and ushered in a democratic system. While a multiparty parliamentary structure was embraced for a period, King Mahendra introduced a non-partisan panchayat system in 1960 A.D., altering the course of governance.
The democratic movement of 1990 was a watershed moment, leading to the restoration of a multi-party democratic framework on November 9th, 1990. Presently, Nepal stands as a staunch advocate for global peace and disarmament. The nation is a member of the United Nations (UN) and a founding member of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC). On May 28th, 2008, the First Constitutional Assembly notably declared Nepal to be a Federal Democratic Republic.