Climate of Tibet

Climate of Tibet

The atmosphere is severely dry for nine months of the year and average annual snowfall is only 18 inches, due to the rain shadow effect. Low temperatures are prevalent throughout these western regions, where bleak desolation is unrelieved by any vegetation beyond the size of low bushes and where wind sweeps unchecked across vast expanses of arid plain. The Indian monsoon exerts some influence on eastern Tibet. Northern Tibet is subject to high temperatures in the summer and intense cold in the winter. It is a land as abstruse as that millions of pilgrims all embrace it as the world center of holiness. Tibet is nicknamed ‘The Land of Snows’, there’s a surprising lack of snow. Visitors would not feel cold in winter or hot in summer. From March to October are the best seasons for traveling. Most annual rainfall comes in the rainy season that starts from May to September, when the precipitation covers 90 percent of the whole year. Usually it rains at night in Lhasa, Shigatse and Chamdo area. The precipitations gradually decrease from 5000 millimeters in the lower part of southeast to just 50 in the northwest. Winters (November to March) are cold (the average temperature in January is -2°C) but there isn’t all that much snow. Summers (May to September) have warm days with strong sunshine and cool nights. At higher elevations (ie above 4000m) even summer days can be chilly. During spring and autumn you need to be prepared for four seasons in one day, including the possibility of snowfall.

Month

Lhasa

Shigatse

Tsedang

Nyingchi

Rombuk

Temp(°C)

Highest

Lowest

Highest

Lowest

Highest

Lowest

Highest

Lowest

Highest

Lowest

January

6.8

-10.2

5.7

-13.1

7.6

-9.0

7.9

-5.3

4

-17

February

9.2

-3.9

8.0

-9.5

9.9

-5.9

9.8

-2.7

-4

-15

March

12.0

-3.2

11.0

-5.4

12.9

-2.4

13.0

-0.1

7

-12

April

15.7

0.9

15.5

-0.7

16.9

1.3

16.5

3.2

10

-5

May

19.7

5.1

19.5

3.4

20.4

5.2

18.8

6.8

15

0

June

22.5

9.2

22.1

7.6

22.9

8.9

20.9

10.0

17

5

July

21.7

9.9

21.0

8.7

22.5

10.1

22.1

11.2

16

8

August

20.7

9.4

19.6

8.1

21.5

9.5

22.1

10.7

16

6

September

19.6

7.6

18.7

5.8

20.5

7.6

20.3

9.2

17

2

October

16.4

1.4

15.2

-1.2

17.1

1.8

17.2

4.9

12

-7

November

11.6

-5.0

10.7

-8.0

12.4

-4.1

12.9

-0.7

7

-12

December

7.7

-9.1

7.0

-12.3

8.7

-7.9

9.6

-4.5

4

-15

Average Temp.

15.3

0.8

14.5

-1.4

15.5

1.3

15.9

3.6

10

-5

 

 

Month Lhasa Shigatse Tsedang Nyingchi Mt. Everest
Temp(°C) Highest Lowest Highest Lowest Highest Lowest Highest Lowest Highest Lowest
January 6.8 -10.2 5.7 -13.1 7.6 -9.0 7.9 -5.3 4 -17
February 9.2 -3.9 8.0 -9.5 9.9 -5.9 9.8 -2.7 -4 -15
March 12.0 -3.2 11.0 -5.4 12.9 -2.4 13.0 -0.1 7 -12
April 15.7 0.9 15.5 -0.7 16.9 1.3 16.5 3.2 10 -5
May 19.7 5.1 19.5 3.4 20.4 5.2 18.8 6.8 15 0
June 22.5 9.2 22.1 7.6 22.9 8.9 20.9 10.0 17 5
July 21.7 9.9 21.0 8.7 22.5 10.1 22.1 11.2 16 8
August 20.7 9.4 19.6 8.1 21.5 9.5 22.1 10.7 16 6
September 19.6 7.6 18.7 5.8 20.5 7.6 20.3 9.2 17 2
October 16.4 1.4 15.2 -1.2 17.1 1.8 17.2 4.9 12 -7
November 11.6 -5.0 10.7 -8.0 12.4 -4.1 12.9 -0.7 7 -12
December 7.7 -9.1 7.0 -12.3 8.7 -7.9 9.6 -4.5 4 -15
Average Temp. 15.3 0.8 14.5 -1.4 15.5 1.3 15.9 3.6 10 -5
The atmosphere is severely dry for nine months of the year and average annual snowfall is only 18 inches, due to the rain shadow effect. Low temperatures are prevalent throughout these western regions, where bleak desolation is unrelieved by any vegetation beyond the size of low bushes and where wind sweeps unchecked across vast expanses of arid plain. The Indian monsoon exerts some influence on eastern Tibet. Northern Tibet is subject to high temperatures in the summer and intense cold in the winter. It is a land as abstruse as that millions of pilgrims all embrace it as the world center of holiness. Tibet is nicknamed ‘The Land of Snows’, there’s a surprising lack of snow. Visitors would not feel cold in winter or hot in summer. From March to October are the best seasons for traveling. Most annual rainfall comes in the rainy season that starts from May to September, when the precipitation covers 90 percent of the whole year. Usually it rains at night in Lhasa, Shigatse and Chamdo area. The precipitations gradually decrease from 5000 millimeters in the lower part of southeast to just 50 in the northwest. Winters (November to March) are cold (the average temperature in January is -2°C) but there isn’t all that much snow. Summers (May to September) have warm days with strong sunshine and cool nights. At higher elevations (ie above 4000m) even summer days can be chilly. During spring and autumn you need to be prepared for four seasons in one day, including the possibility of snowfall.
Month    Lhasa    Shigatse    Tsedang    Nyingchi    Mt. Everest
Temp(°C)    Highest    Lowest    Highest    Lowest    Highest    Lowest    Highest    Lowest    Highest    Lowest
January    6.8    -10.2    5.7    -13.1    7.6    -9.0    7.9    -5.3    4    -17
February    9.2    -3.9    8.0    -9.5    9.9    -5.9    9.8    -2.7    -4    -15
March    12.0    -3.2    11.0    -5.4    12.9    -2.4    13.0    -0.1    7    -12
April    15.7    0.9    15.5    -0.7    16.9    1.3    16.5    3.2    10    -5
May    19.7    5.1    19.5    3.4    20.4    5.2    18.8    6.8    15    0
June    22.5    9.2    22.1    7.6    22.9    8.9    20.9    10.0    17    5
July    21.7    9.9    21.0    8.7    22.5    10.1    22.1    11.2    16    8
August    20.7    9.4    19.6    8.1    21.5    9.5    22.1    10.7    16    6
September    19.6    7.6    18.7    5.8    20.5    7.6    20.3    9.2    17    2
October    16.4    1.4    15.2    -1.2    17.1    1.8    17.2    4.9    12    -7
November    11.6    -5.0    10.7    -8.0    12.4    -4.1    12.9    -0.7    7    -12
December    7.7    -9.1    7.0    -12.3    8.7    -7.9    9.6    -4.5    4    -15
Average Temp.    15.3    0.8    14.5    -1.4    15.5    1.3    15.9    3.6    10    -5